MEIER, RICHARD (1934– ), U.S. architect. Meier was born in Newark, N.J. Fifty years later in 1984, he became the youngest winner of the Pritzker architecture prize, one of the most heralded awards for architects. The road to this award and to many important architectural commissions began after Meier graduated from Cornell University in 1957. He worked for the firms of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill and Marcel Breuer before establishing his own firm in 1963. Meier made his early mark with the designs for private residences, which recall the light and geometric designs of the Bauhaus, especially the form established by Mies van der Rohe as well as the Constructivists. Japanese architecture from the 17th century was also important in formulating Meier's aesthetic. The architect has suggested the strong influence of Le Corbusier in his work. Meier's early important commissions were for the Smith House in Darien, Conn., built between 1965 and 1967, followed by the Douglas House at Harbor Springs, Mich. in 1973, and the Shamberg residence, planned for two people, at Chappaqua, N.Y., from 1972 to 1974. He converted the Bell Telephone laboratories in Manhattan to 383 apartments and went on to design the Atheneum in New Harmony, Ind., 1975 to 1979, to much acclaim. In museum design, Meier has created striking designs in the Museum of Decorative Arts in Frankfurt (1981–84), the High Museum of Art in Atlanta (1981), the Museum of Contemporary Art in Barcelona (1992–95), and the Getty Museum in Los Angeles (1997). Meier emphasizes white as an essential color in his design, which accentuates the power of the visual form. Meier's buildings are striking, especially against a simple grass landscape, as in the case with the Atheneum, the Des Moines Art Center extension, or the High Museum, where the whiteness and architectonic characteristics of the form are juxtaposed to the green landscape, resulting in a powerful but restful aesthetic. All of Meier's works stand as sculptural forms as well as functional buildings. Meier's most contested building is the Getty Museum in Los Angeles. Sitting on the hillside that overlooks both Los Angeles and Santa Monica, the Getty is a series of buildings that seeks to bring together a huge and eclectic art collection. Driven by the immense resources of the Getty Foundation and the size of the collection, the museum space, comprised of six buildings, has been compared to an acropolis. To some, the scale of the project served to limit the architect's powers of invention. The uniformity of Meier's usual white exterior was compromised in part by a beige travertine. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: K. Frampton and J. Rykwet, Richard Meier, Architect (1985–2004); P. Goldberger, Richard Meier Houses (1996); R. Meier, Richard Meier (Electa's Modern Masters) (2003). (Stephen C. Feinstein (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Meier, Richard — ▪ American architect in full  Richard Alan Meier  born Oct. 12, 1934, Newark, N.J., U.S.       American architect noted for his refinements of and variations on classic Modernist principles: pure geometry, open space, and an emphasis on light.… …   Universalium

  • Meier,Richard — Mei·er (mīʹər), Richard. Born 1934. American architect noted for technically innovative designs that blend respectfully with their natural environments. His best known works include the High Museum in Atlanta and the Getty Center in Los Angeles.… …   Universalium

  • MEIER, Richard — (1934 )    See RATIONALISM …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Meier, Richard (Alan) — born Oct. 12, 1934, Newark, N.J., U.S. U.S. architect. Educated at Cornell University, Meier s early experience included work with the firm of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill and with Marcel Breuer. Early in his career he executed a series of… …   Universalium

  • Meier, Richard (Alan) — (n. 12 oct. 1934, Newark, N.J., EE.UU.). Arquitecto estadounidense formado en la Universidad de Cornell. En los inicios de su carrera, trabajó con la empresa de Skidmore, Owings & Merrill y con Marcel Breuer. Pronto construiría una serie de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Richard Meier (Politiker) — Richard Meier Richard Meier (* 23. November 1878 in Arnsfeld; † 25. Januar 1933 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Politiker der SPD. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Meier — may refer to: A historical kind of bailiff in parts of the Low Countries. Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Other uses 4 See also …   Wikipedia